With the landfall of Henri we likely have a record for the most tropical cyclone hits on the US WITHOUT ANY BEING A HURRICANE, on record. But there is even more behind this. So Consider this below:
Last 15 years SST
warmer than average in much of the oceans
how many major hits? 5
Now watch this
The sea level pressures during hurricane seasons, because of it being warmer, are lower to the north, This causes convergence to be spread out throughout the Atlantic Basin ,rather than focused in the tropics. The results are storms that are not as strong, even though more may show up ( partly because of detection). Storms are also smaller in width overall. We do not see the kind of monsters like 1944 with a 500 mile wide diameter of hurricane winds or 1933 with a hit on the Va coast but hurricane force winds all the way to Long Island, Remember Sandy hit at NJ and was considered huge because hurricane winds extended to Long Island
low pressure all over. Lowest pressures north of the tropic in relation to NAMER
Now here is the period 1948-1960
we had 14 major hits according to NHC archives
SST is cooler but of course, they are warm enough to support hurricanes
notice the cold over warm tho in this part of the Atlantic,
Now notice the SLP
over the eastern part of NAMER, we have low pressure to the south with higher pressure to the north. This means air converges more in the means over the areas in blue and then with high pressure to the north, as the storms come north, the gradient and inflow remain stronger.
14 hits in 13 years. vs 5 majors in 15 ( though 5 have been in the last 4)
But the conclusion can only be one thing. If there is a signal from the warming on major hurricane hits on the US coast from warming it has been a POSITIVE. More storms true. The occasional high impact year like last year yes. But overall warming and the change of the August-Oct SLP due to warming has led to storms being weaker overall near the US coast.
The 3 storms that were intensifying most notably, Harvey, Laura and Michael all were in phase 2 of the Madden Julian Oscillation and had strong high pressure from southern Canada to off New England
These are the exception and OPPOSITE of what has been pushed, But how can you argue with 14 majors hits in 13 years, vis 5 in 15. How can you argue with the change in the Sea Level pressure pattern in this age of it being warmer. You can push all you want it is getting worse, but the facts are clearly opposite, And whats more they would make sense that if you want to push warming, there are actually benefits that can take place. I may be speaking on this in more detail at the Heartland Conference.
the latest case study, the Carol 1954 vs Henri example. A track like Henri with Carol intensity would have been as devastating as they come. But despite the much warmer water, the pressure pattern due to it being warm all over likely ruined the kind of convergence needed for that event
Carol day before SLP anomalies
SST anomaly before Carols run
This does not mean it can not happen, But it means simply by looking at the facts, it has been less frequent than it was in a cooler time. That being said with that water that warm if the SLP is favorable, then the more extreme option does occur. But it will be sticking out relative to the overall pattern obvious to the objective observer.
Meanwhile the next challenge may be lurking in the western gulf