In early 2004, the EPA released a report claiming to prove that communities built along the design of 19th century cities had less traffic congestion than those of the typical modern suburb.   This was done to back up policies concerning so-called “smart growth.”  But according to a recent Heritage Foundation article by Wendell Cox and Ronald Utt, the report was so contrived and lacking analytical integrity that the EPA was forced to withdraw it shortly after its release.  Cox and Utt note that the agency deliberately chose three urban areas that have less congestion than non-smart growth areas, but say that this is typical of an EPA bent on discouraging road building and driving wherever possible.